In our last article we looked at ‘What are phobias?’ exploring what the term means and some of the frequent causes.

In this new article we are going to take a look at the types of phobia.

Most phobias can be broadly categorized into one of two groups; specific phobias and complex phobias.

Specific phobias

Specific phobias are a phobia of one thing such as flying or snakes. Specific phobias often occur during childhood and many individuals see them reduce as they get older. Some common phobias that are seen within this include:
  • Environment – including heights, water and darkness
  • Animals – including snakes, spiders, and dogs
  • Situational – including flying, tunnels and car travel

Complex phobias

Complex phobias can have a much bigger impact on day to day life than specific phobias and more commonly occur in adulthood.
There are two main types of complex phobia:
  • Social phobia – this is also known as social anxiety and sees the individual experiencing it feeling extreme anxiety when in social situations from public speaking to being around other people.
  • Agoraphobia – often seen as a fear of open spaces this fear is actually far more complex than this. Those who suffer from agoraphobia find themselves feeling anxious in situations where it may be difficult or embarrassing to get out of or where there may not be help should they have a panic attack.

If you or, someone you know would like some support take a look at the Resources and Help City and Hackney Mind offer.