Advocacy helps to support and enable individuals experiencing mental ill health to; express their views and concerns, access information and service, defend and promote their rights and responsibilities and explore choices and options.


Anxiety often means that you have a strong feeling of worry or, have strong concern over something. This can often lead to feeling nervous and uneasy with certain situations especially when unsure of the outcome.


Bereavement is the term used for individuals who have suffered the loss of a loved one or someone they know that has passed away. During bereavement, people go through many emotions. These can include pain, guilt, anger or anxiety.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a form of talking therapy that focuses on how you think about the things going on in your life – your thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes (your cognitive processes) – and how this impacts on the way you behave and deal with emotional problems. CBT can help you to manage many different problems that impact upon your mental health.


Depression can show itself in different ways in different people, but more often that not people experience the feeling of unhappiness and can become despondent and withdrawn.

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is where someone is experiencing violence within his or her home from a spouse or partner. This term covers all types of violence and abuse including; psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional.


Ecotherapy is a term used to describe a range of methods that use outdoor activity within a green environment to support and promote positive mental and physical wellbeing.


Education is a term used to describe an individual learning a new skill or subject or, developing existing knowledge in a specific area further to better develop themselves personally.


Exercise relates to physical exercise that in turn helps support positive mental health and wellbeing. This encompasses all types of exercise such as; a short walk, yoga, running, gym activity, bike rides and more.


Both health and diet can have an impact on an individual’s wellbeing, an individuals health and diet can often help individuals that are suffering from a mental illness.


When an individual experiences isolation they will often feel alone and potentially be alone physically. Isolation can be caused through language or cultural barriers or through a specific mental health illness. When individuals experience isolation they often experience anxiety and potentially depression.


Loneliness can be linked to isolation and is experienced when an individual feels that they have no company. Loneliness can be caused through language or cultural barriers or a specific mental health illness.


Mentalization is an attempt to understand the intentions behind our actions and those of others around us. Mentalization based treatment aims to improve an ability to attend to mental states – such as thoughts, beliefs, values - in ourselves and in others, enabling people to move from more destructive states of mind to more adaptive ways of being in the world. Mentalization based treatment has been developed to improve a wide range on mental health problems, including for personality disorder and for families and adolescents.

Panic Attacks

Panic attacks most normally occur when individuals experience an overwhelming feeling of anxiety. Panic attacks often happen suddenly and sometimes it can leave the individual experiencing them confused about what caused them.


Phobias are situations where there is a heightened feeling of fear and anxiety about a certain situation or object. Phobias cause overwhelming reactions in individuals that can be irrational nonetheless very real.

Talking Therapies

Talking therapies are aimed to help an individual to better understand and interpret their feelings and behavior. They are normally undertaken at regular times with a trained professional.


Unemployment is the term used for individuals that are not currently employed and earning a wage. There are many reasons for un-employment from mental health illness to availability of suitable jobs.


The term wellbeing is used to describe an individual’s mental state. It relates to how they are feeling and how they cope with those feelings within day-to-day life. Wellbeing can change over time whether that is a day, a week, a month or a year.

And there are many more. We will be adding to this list over time, or you can too. Why not add a comment to let us know what words and terms you would like to see explained?